The Majesty of Waterfalls
By Denise Anderson and Emily Ware
What better way is there than to spend a day listening to the
serene sound of a flowing waterfall? But have you ever thought
about how waterfalls are formed? The creation and life of a waterfall
is a lengthy process.
A waterfall is formed at a knickpoint, which is an area
where the landscape steepens abruptly causing the water to fall
vertically...hence the name waterfall.
Waterfalls are short-lived (that is, in geologic time) features
of the flow of the river. The energy due to the running water
leads to abrasion and erosion. This erosive factor causes the
waterfall to become less steep until it eventually evens out with
the natural flow of the river. Of course, it takes many of our
lifetimes before a waterfall becomes extinct.
Waterfalls are a natural feature found in Hawaii. A few of the major waterfalls are: Rainbow Falls, PeePee (pronounced pay-ay-pay-ay) Falls, Akaka Falls, and Kahuna Falls.