Approved by Faculty Senate.

WINONA STATE UNIVERSITY

COLLEGE OF NURSING & HEALTH SCIENCES

 

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH & HUMAN PERFORMANCE

Spring, 2001

HHP 340 PHYSIOLOGY OF EXERCISE

Frequency of Offering: Each Semester

Instructor: Gary Kastello, Ph.D.

Assistant Professor

Office: 103 Memorial Hall

Office Phone: 457-5219 or 457-2600 (secretary)

Office Hours: Mon & Wed 2:00-5:00 or by appointment

E-mail: Gkastello@winona.edu

Course Description:

Major physiological systems of the human body and their response to acute and chronic exercise. Energy systems of exercise, physiological support systems, exercise prescription, and methods of physical training are addressed.

Writing Flag: The purpose of the Writing Flag requirement is to reinforce the outcomes specified for the basic skills area of writing. These courses are intended to provide contexts, opportunities, and feedback for students writing with discipline-specific texts, tools, and strategies. These courses should emphasize writing as essential to academic learning and intellectual development.

The courses must include requirements and learning activities that promote students’ abilities to:

  1. practice the processes and procedures for creating and completing successful writing in their fields;
  2. understand the main features and uses of writing in their fields;
  3. adapt their writing to the general expectations of readers in their fields;
  4. make use of the technologies commonly used for research and writing in their fields; and
  5. learn the conventions of evidence, format, usage, and documentation in their fields.

The tentative schedule where University Studies program outcomes are addressed by placing the letter references above in bold parenthesis next to the appropriate topic in the laboratory schedule.

4 Semester hours

Lecture: 2:00 - 2:50, M, W, F

Room: Minne 237

Laboratory: T or TH 2:00 – 3:20

Room: Memorial 138

Prerequisites: BIO 212

Required text: Exercise Physiology: Energy, Nutrition, and Human Performance 5th edition. McArdle, W.D., Katch, F.I., Katch, V.L Williams & Wilkins, 1999.

Exercise Physiology Laboratory Manual, Kastello, G.M. Spring, 2001.

Exercise Physiology Lecture Notes, Kastello, G.M. Spring, 2001.

Course Objectives:

1. Discuss systemic and local physiologic response and adaptation to exercise and exercise training.

2. Understand the physiology principles needed to design an exercise prescription.

3. Describe the components and functions of muscular, cardiopulmonary, neural and endocrine systems during exercise and following exercise training.

4. Describe and identify the components of human energy systems.

5. Specify macronutrient effects on human performance.

6. Suggest training methodologies to enhance energy system capacity and physiologic system function.

7. Describe age-related changes in physiologic systems to exercise and exercise training.

8. Following lecture and textbook readings, students will value physical activity as tool used in preventive medicine.

9. Discuss measurements of strength and type of contraction in relation to basic physiology material covered in class.

10. Identify pathological processes associated with coronary artery disease, osteoporosis, asthma, restrictive and obstructive lung disease.

  1. Identify realistic, measurable rehabilitation goals for strength, neural, and cardiopulmonary adaptations to exercise training.
  2. Offer 12 discipline specific laboratory writing assignments to familiarize the student with technical scientific writing.
  3. Understand all components of a scientific publication and demonstrate this knowledge through laboratory writing assignments.
  4. Analyze, interpret and present in a written form data collected from 12 laboratory experiences.
  5. Become competent in using computer spreadsheets, word processing and graphic programs.

IC1 - Basic components of a comprehensive athletic injury/illness prevention program including (a) physical examinations and screening procedures, (b) physical conditioning, ( c ) fitting and maintenance of protective equipment, (d) application of taping, special pads, etc., and (e) control of environmental risks.

IC13 - Basic components of in-season and off-season physical conditioning programs for development of cardiovascular-respiratory efficiency, flexibility and muscular strength, power, and endurance specific to the needs of individual athletes and to the physical demands of specific sport activities.

IC14 - Purposes and effects of contemporary isometric, isotonic, and isokinetic strength training equipment.

IC15 - Techniques and physiological effects of cardiovascular endurance training and weight training (isometric, isotonic, isokinetic and accommodating resistive exercise) on the musculoskeletal, nervous, cardiovascular, and respiratory systems of the human body.

IC16 - Effects of various types of flexibility programs and stretching exercises (static, passive, active, PNF techniques) on normal contractile tissues of the human body (muscles, tendons, etc.).

IC18 - Principles of an effective heat illness prevention program including those pertaining to acclimatization and conditioning, fluid and electrolyte replacement, selection of clothing, monitoring of weight loss, and scheduling and organization of practice sessions.

IC19 - Normal thermoregulatory mechanisms of the human body including methods of heat dissipation and the associated effects of exposure to high environmental heat and humidity.

IIC1 - Normal anatomical structures of the human body including the musculoskeletal (including articulation), nervous (central and peripheral), cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, urogenital, and special sensory systems.

IIC2 - Normal physiological functions of the human body including those of the musculoskeletal, nervous (central and peripheral), cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, urogenital, and special sensory systems.

IIC3 - Anatomical and physiological growth and development characteristics as related to the pre-adolescent, adolescent, and adult male and female athletes.

IVC6 - General physiological effects of inactivity and immobilization on the musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, nervous, and respiratory systems of the human body and resulting implications for rehabilitation and reconditioning.

VIC2 Physiological effects of physical activity on menstruation (oligomenorrhea, amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea) and associated psychological considerations.

VIC3 Principles of nutrition including the role of vitamins, minerals, and fluids and electrolytes as related to the dietary and nutritional needs of the competitive athlete.

 

Teaching Method: Lecture, Small group discussion, Laboratory

Grading policy & scale:

Complete each of the four examinations given in the course. No make up examinations will be given!!! Each examination will be worth 100 points. The format of examinations will be multiple-choice, true/false and short answer, drawn from the reading and lecture materials.

 

Lecture Points

Exam I 100

Exam II 100

Exam III 100

Final Exam 100 (not comprehensive)

Sub-Total 400

Laboratory Points

11 Labs x 20 pts = 220 points

1 Lab x 10 pts = 10 points

Grand Total 630

Grading Scale:

100 - 90 A

89 - 80 B

79 - 70 C

69 - 60 D

< 60 F

Attendance policy:

Class attendance is required, unexcused absences will result in a 1 point deduction/absence.

Need of Special Accommodations:

If you need special accommodations in order to meet any of the requirements of this course, please see the instructor as soon as possible. Students will be allowed to complete course requirements that are missed because of a religious observance.

Academic misconduct:

Anyone caught cheating, collaborating with others (when not instructed to do so), plagiarizing work, presenting work previously presented to another class, or any other inappropriate conduct will be charged with academic misconduct and could receive an F in the course and/or be expelled from the University.

Tentative Course Outline:

Lecture Topic Chapter

1/8 Introduction Intro Chpt

Physiology of Exercise: Roots and Historical Perspectives

 

1/10 Control of Internal Environment Notes

1/12 Structure of Macronutrients 1 & Notes

1/15 Martin Luther King Day (no class)

1/17 Structure of Macronutrients 1 & Notes

1/19 Energy Value of Food 4

1/22 Introduction to Energy Transfer 5

1/24 (1, 4, 5, 24)

1/26 Energy Transfer in the Body 6

1/29 (1, 4, 5, 6, 13, 15, 24)

 

1/31 ‘’

2/2 Exam I (Chpt. Intro, 1, 4,5,6,)

2/5 Energy Transfer in Exercise 7&11

(1, 2, 6)

2/7 " "

2/9 " "

2/12 Measurement of Human Energy Expenditure 8

(1, 3, 9, 11, 12, 15, 19, 20, 22)

 

2/14 Human Energy Expenditure During Rest and Physical Activity 9

(1, 3, 9, 11, 12, 15, 19, 20, 22)

2/16 Energy Expenditure During Walking, Jogging,

Running, and Swimming 10

2/19 " "

2/21 " "

2/23 Exam II (7,11,8,9,10)

 

2/26 Skeletal Muscle: Structure and Function 18&19

Neural Control of Human Movement

(IC: 1,14,15,16, IIC: 1, 2, 3, 6)

2/28 " "

 

3/2 " "

3/5-3/9 Spring Break

3/12 Muscular Strength: Training Muscles to Become Stronger 22

3/14 " "

3/16 " "

3/19 " "

3/21 Work Tests to Evaluate Performance 20

(1, 2, 6)

3/23 " "

3/26 Training for Performance 21 & Handouts from Fox et al.

(12,13,15,16)

3/28 " "

3/30 Physical Activity, Health, and Aging 30

(13,14,15,16,20,22)

4/2 Exam III

Chpt 18,19,21,22,30, Fox et al

4/4 Pulmonary Structure and Function 12

(1, 3, 10, 11, 12, 15, 19, 20, 22)

4/6 " "

4/9 Gas Exchange and Transport 13

4/11 " "

4/13 Dynamics of Pulmonary Ventilation 14

4/16 " "

 

4/18 The Cardiovascular System 15

(1, 3, 8, 10, 11, 12, 15, 19, 20, 22)

4/20 " "

4/23 Cardiovascular Regulation and Integration 16

4/25 " "

4/27 Functional Capacity of the Cardiovascular System 17

 

 

Final Exam 10:30-12:30 Wednesday, May 2nd (Chpt 12,13,14,15,16,17)

 

 

Tentative Laboratory Schedule

 

 

 

Week

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

 

Week of

1/9 & 1/11

1/16 & 1/18

1/23 & 1/25

1/30 & 2/1

2/6 & 2/8

Both labs 2/15

2/20 & 2/22

2/27 & 3/1

3/13 & 3/15

3/20 & 3/22

3/27 & 3/29

4/3 & 4/5

4/10 & 4/12

4/17 & 4/19

4/24 & 4/26

 

 

 

 

 

 

Topic

Introduction, Rules & Reports (a, b)

Demonstration Computer Graphics (d)

Units of measure

Estimation of energy expenditure

Estimation of energy expenditure (d)

Estimation of energy expenditure (a, b, c, d, e)

Maximal VO2 (a, b, c, d, e)

Economy of Movement (a, b, c, d, e)

Determination of body composition (a, b, c, d, e)

Muscle strength and fatiguability (a, b, c, d, e)

Maximal anaerobic power (a, b, c, d, e)

Pulmonary measures (a, b, c, d, e)

Lactate Threshold (a, b, c, d, e)

Cardiovascular response to exercise (a, b, c, d, e)

Evaluation & Review

 

 

 

 

 

WRITING FLAG

HHP 340 Exercise Physiology includes a large writing component. Students are required to submit 12 scientific laboratory writing assignments of 5-6 pages per lab. The scientific format includes a/an:

  1. Introduction identifying why the subject matter is important and what is the purpose of the laboratory;
  2. Methods describing the equations, equipment and procedure followed,
  3. Results, a table or graph appropriately labeled with subheading, presenting the results of their experiment;
  4. Discussion, which allows for analysis of the results, interpretation of the results, including whether or not the results are consistent with current scientific theory, and a section which includes detailed answers to questions posed to the student from the lab manual;
  5. Conclusions, a list of data supported statements, that describe the main findings of their laboratory experiment; and
  6. References, a Journal of Applied Physiology (JAP) format is utilized for references in the lab report.

Each written lab assignment is graded on grammar, spelling, and content with suggestions made for improvement in subsequent reports.

The following discussion is written to address each component of the Writing Flag, as described by the University Studies Committee.

  1. Practice the processes and procedures for creating and completing successful writing in their fields. Scientific writing is the accepted format in the Sports Medicine field. The Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion and Conclusion Format is the procedure followed for publication and poster presentation of research performed in this field of study.
  2. Understand the main features and uses of writing in their fields. One whole laboratory session is dedicated to describing and giving examples of the main features and uses of writing in their fields. On Week one of laboratory a detailed lecture of the main features of scientific writing is reviewed, expectations of student scientific writing, and application of this form of writing in Sports Medicine.
  3. Adopt their writing to the general expectation of readers in their fields. A strict adherence to scientific writing format is practiced in this course. In adhering to scientific guidelines students are adapting their writing to general expectations of readers in their fields.
  4. Make use of technologies commonly used for research and writing in their fields. On Week two of laboratory a whole lab session is dedicated to using computer spreadsheets and graphics to enable the student to generate professional quality data tables and graphics. All lab write-ups include use of this technology.
  5. Learn the conventions of evidence, format, usage, and documentation in their fields. Students must support their conclusions with data collected from lab and justify the results in lieu of existing theory in the field. This thought process involves both usage and evidence requirements necessary for University Studies Committee approval. Format of scientific writing is well-covered and the JAP format for references will be utilized.