Approved by Faculty
COLLEGE OF NURSING & HEALTH SCIENCES
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH & HUMAN PERFORMANCE
HHP 340 PHYSIOLOGY OF EXERCISE
Frequency of Offering: Each Semester
Instructor: Gary Kastello, Ph.D.
Office: 103 Memorial Hall
Office Phone: 457-5219 or 457-2600 (secretary)
Office Hours: Mon & Wed 2:00-5:00 or by appointment
Major physiological systems of the human body and their response to acute and
chronic exercise. Energy systems of exercise, physiological support systems,
exercise prescription, and methods of physical training are addressed.
Writing Flag: The purpose of the Writing Flag requirement is to reinforce
the outcomes specified for the basic skills area of writing. These courses are
intended to provide contexts, opportunities, and feedback for students writing
with discipline-specific texts, tools, and strategies. These courses should
emphasize writing as essential to academic learning and intellectual
The courses must include requirements and learning activities that promote
students abilities to:
- practice the processes and procedures for creating and completing
successful writing in their fields;
- understand the main features and uses of writing in their fields;
- adapt their writing to the general expectations of readers in their
- make use of the technologies commonly used for research and writing in
their fields; and
- learn the conventions of evidence, format, usage, and documentation in
The tentative schedule where University Studies program outcomes are
addressed by placing the letter references above in bold parenthesis next to the
appropriate topic in the laboratory schedule.
4 Semester hours
Lecture: 2:00 - 2:50, M, W, F
Room: Minne 237
Laboratory: T or TH 2:00 3:20
Room: Memorial 138
Prerequisites: BIO 212
Required text: Exercise Physiology: Energy, Nutrition,
and Human Performance 5th edition. McArdle, W.D., Katch,
F.I., Katch, V.L Williams & Wilkins, 1999.
Exercise Physiology Laboratory Manual, Kastello, G.M. Spring, 2001.
Exercise Physiology Lecture Notes, Kastello, G.M. Spring, 2001.
1. Discuss systemic and local physiologic response and adaptation to
exercise and exercise training.
2. Understand the physiology principles needed to design an exercise
3. Describe the components and functions of muscular, cardiopulmonary,
neural and endocrine systems during exercise and following exercise training.
4. Describe and identify the components of human energy systems.
5. Specify macronutrient effects on human performance.
6. Suggest training methodologies to enhance energy system capacity and
physiologic system function.
7. Describe age-related changes in physiologic systems to exercise and
8. Following lecture and textbook readings, students will value physical
activity as tool used in preventive medicine.
9. Discuss measurements of strength and type of contraction in relation to
basic physiology material covered in class.
10. Identify pathological processes associated with coronary artery
disease, osteoporosis, asthma, restrictive and obstructive lung disease.
- Identify realistic, measurable rehabilitation goals for strength, neural,
and cardiopulmonary adaptations to exercise training.
- Offer 12 discipline specific laboratory writing assignments to familiarize
the student with technical scientific writing.
- Understand all components of a scientific publication and demonstrate this
knowledge through laboratory writing assignments.
- Analyze, interpret and present in a written form data collected from 12
- Become competent in using computer spreadsheets, word processing and
Principles of nutrition including the role of
vitamins, minerals, and fluids and electrolytes as related to the dietary and
nutritional needs of the competitive athlete.
IC1 - Basic components of a comprehensive athletic injury/illness
prevention program including (a) physical examinations and screening
procedures, (b) physical conditioning, ( c ) fitting and maintenance of
protective equipment, (d) application of taping, special pads, etc., and (e)
control of environmental risks.
IC13 - Basic components of in-season and off-season physical conditioning
programs for development of cardiovascular-respiratory efficiency, flexibility
and muscular strength, power, and endurance specific to the needs of
individual athletes and to the physical demands of specific sport activities.
IC14 - Purposes and effects of contemporary isometric, isotonic, and
isokinetic strength training equipment.
IC15 - Techniques and physiological effects of cardiovascular endurance
training and weight training (isometric, isotonic, isokinetic and
accommodating resistive exercise) on the musculoskeletal, nervous,
cardiovascular, and respiratory systems of the human body.
IC16 - Effects of various types of flexibility programs and stretching
exercises (static, passive, active, PNF techniques) on normal contractile
tissues of the human body (muscles, tendons, etc.).
IC18 - Principles of an effective heat illness prevention program including
those pertaining to acclimatization and conditioning, fluid and electrolyte
replacement, selection of clothing, monitoring of weight loss, and scheduling
and organization of practice sessions.
IC19 - Normal thermoregulatory mechanisms of the human body including
methods of heat dissipation and the associated effects of exposure to high
environmental heat and humidity.
IIC1 - Normal anatomical structures of the human body including the
musculoskeletal (including articulation), nervous (central and peripheral),
cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, urogenital, and special sensory
IIC2 - Normal physiological functions of the human body including those of
the musculoskeletal, nervous (central and peripheral), cardiovascular,
respiratory, digestive, urogenital, and special sensory systems.
IIC3 - Anatomical and physiological growth and development characteristics
as related to the pre-adolescent, adolescent, and adult male and female
IVC6 - General physiological effects of inactivity and immobilization on
the musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, nervous, and respiratory systems of the
human body and resulting implications for rehabilitation and reconditioning.
VIC2 Physiological effects of physical activity on menstruation (oligomenorrhea,
amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea) and associated psychological considerations.
Teaching Method: Lecture, Small group discussion, Laboratory
Grading policy & scale:
Complete each of the four examinations given in the course. No make up
examinations will be given!!! Each examination will be worth 100 points. The
format of examinations will be multiple-choice, true/false and short answer,
drawn from the reading and lecture materials.
Exam I 100
Exam II 100
Exam III 100
Final Exam 100 (not comprehensive)
11 Labs x 20 pts = 220 points
1 Lab x 10 pts = 10 points
Grand Total 630
100 - 90 A
89 - 80 B
79 - 70 C
69 - 60 D
< 60 F
Class attendance is required, unexcused absences will result in a 1 point
Need of Special Accommodations:
If you need special accommodations in order to meet any of the requirements
of this course, please see the instructor as soon as possible. Students will be
allowed to complete course requirements that are missed because of a religious
Anyone caught cheating, collaborating with others (when not instructed to do
so), plagiarizing work, presenting work previously presented to another class,
or any other inappropriate conduct will be charged with academic misconduct and
could receive an F in the course and/or be expelled from the University.
Tentative Course Outline:
Lecture Topic Chapter
1/8 Introduction Intro Chpt
Physiology of Exercise: Roots and Historical Perspectives
1/10 Control of Internal Environment Notes
1/12 Structure of Macronutrients 1 & Notes
1/15 Martin Luther King Day (no class)
1/17 Structure of Macronutrients 1 & Notes
1/19 Energy Value of Food 4
1/22 Introduction to Energy Transfer 5
1/24 (1, 4, 5, 24)
1/26 Energy Transfer in the Body 6
1/29 (1, 4, 5, 6, 13, 15, 24)
2/2 Exam I (Chpt. Intro, 1, 4,5,6,)
2/5 Energy Transfer in Exercise 7&11
(1, 2, 6)
2/7 " "
2/9 " "
2/12 Measurement of Human Energy Expenditure 8
(1, 3, 9, 11, 12, 15, 19, 20, 22)
2/14 Human Energy Expenditure During Rest and Physical Activity 9
(1, 3, 9, 11, 12, 15, 19, 20, 22)
2/16 Energy Expenditure During Walking, Jogging,
Running, and Swimming 10
2/19 " "
2/21 " "
2/23 Exam II (7,11,8,9,10)
2/26 Skeletal Muscle: Structure and Function 18&19
Neural Control of Human Movement
(IC: 1,14,15,16, IIC: 1, 2, 3, 6)
2/28 " "
3/2 " "
3/5-3/9 Spring Break
3/12 Muscular Strength: Training Muscles to Become Stronger 22
3/14 " "
3/16 " "
3/19 " "
3/21 Work Tests to Evaluate Performance 20
(1, 2, 6)
3/23 " "
3/26 Training for Performance 21 & Handouts from Fox et al.
3/28 " "
3/30 Physical Activity, Health, and Aging 30
4/2 Exam III
Chpt 18,19,21,22,30, Fox et al
4/4 Pulmonary Structure and Function 12
(1, 3, 10, 11, 12, 15, 19, 20, 22)
4/6 " "
4/9 Gas Exchange and Transport 13
4/11 " "
4/13 Dynamics of Pulmonary Ventilation 14
4/16 " "
4/18 The Cardiovascular System 15
(1, 3, 8, 10, 11, 12, 15, 19, 20, 22)
4/20 " "
4/23 Cardiovascular Regulation and Integration 16
4/25 " "
4/27 Functional Capacity of the Cardiovascular System 17
Final Exam 10:30-12:30 Wednesday, May 2nd (Chpt 12,13,14,15,16,17)
Tentative Laboratory Schedule
1/9 & 1/11
1/16 & 1/18
1/23 & 1/25
1/30 & 2/1
2/6 & 2/8
Both labs 2/15
2/20 & 2/22
2/27 & 3/1
3/13 & 3/15
3/20 & 3/22
3/27 & 3/29
4/3 & 4/5
4/10 & 4/12
4/17 & 4/19
4/24 & 4/26
Introduction, Rules & Reports (a, b)
Demonstration Computer Graphics (d)
Units of measure
Estimation of energy expenditure
Estimation of energy expenditure (d)
Estimation of energy expenditure (a, b, c, d, e)
Maximal VO2 (a, b, c, d, e)
Economy of Movement (a, b, c, d, e)
Determination of body composition (a, b, c, d, e)
Muscle strength and fatiguability (a, b, c, d, e)
Maximal anaerobic power (a, b, c, d, e)
Pulmonary measures (a, b, c, d, e)
Lactate Threshold (a, b, c, d, e)
Cardiovascular response to exercise (a, b, c, d, e)
Evaluation & Review
HHP 340 Exercise Physiology includes a large writing component. Students are
required to submit 12 scientific laboratory writing assignments of 5-6 pages per
lab. The scientific format includes a/an:
- Introduction identifying why the subject matter is important and what is
the purpose of the laboratory;
- Methods describing the equations, equipment and procedure followed,
- Results, a table or graph appropriately labeled with subheading,
presenting the results of their experiment;
- Discussion, which allows for analysis of the results, interpretation of
the results, including whether or not the results are consistent with
current scientific theory, and a section which includes detailed answers to
questions posed to the student from the lab manual;
- Conclusions, a list of data supported statements, that describe the main
findings of their laboratory experiment; and
- References, a Journal of Applied Physiology (JAP) format is utilized for
references in the lab report.
Each written lab assignment is graded on grammar, spelling, and content with
suggestions made for improvement in subsequent reports.
The following discussion is written to address each component of the Writing
Flag, as described by the University Studies Committee.
- Practice the processes and procedures for creating and completing
successful writing in their fields. Scientific writing is the accepted
format in the Sports Medicine field. The Introduction, Methods, Results,
Discussion and Conclusion Format is the procedure followed for publication and
poster presentation of research performed in this field of study.
- Understand the main features and uses of writing in their fields. One
whole laboratory session is dedicated to describing and giving examples of the
main features and uses of writing in their fields. On Week one of laboratory a
detailed lecture of the main features of scientific writing is reviewed,
expectations of student scientific writing, and application of this form of
writing in Sports Medicine.
- Adopt their writing to the general expectation of readers in their fields.
A strict adherence to scientific writing format is practiced in this course.
In adhering to scientific guidelines students are adapting their writing to
general expectations of readers in their fields.
- Make use of technologies commonly used for research and writing in their
fields. On Week two of laboratory a whole lab session is dedicated to
using computer spreadsheets and graphics to enable the student to generate
professional quality data tables and graphics. All lab write-ups include use
of this technology.
- Learn the conventions of evidence, format, usage, and documentation in
their fields. Students must support their conclusions with data
collected from lab and justify the results in lieu of existing theory in the
field. This thought process involves both usage and evidence requirements
necessary for University Studies Committee approval. Format of scientific
writing is well-covered and the JAP format for references will be utilized.