Approved by Faculty Senate.
WINONA STATE UNIVERSITY
COLLEGE OF NURSING & HEALTH SCIENCES
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH & HUMAN PERFORMANCE
Spring, 2001HHP 340 PHYSIOLOGY OF EXERCISE
Frequency of Offering: Each Semester
Instructor: Gary Kastello, Ph.D.
Office: 103 Memorial Hall
Office Phone: 457-5219 or 457-2600 (secretary)
Office Hours: Mon & Wed 2:00-5:00 or by appointment
Major physiological systems of the human body and their response to acute and chronic exercise. Energy systems of exercise, physiological support systems, exercise prescription, and methods of physical training are addressed.
Writing Flag: The purpose of the Writing Flag requirement is to reinforce the outcomes specified for the basic skills area of writing. These courses are intended to provide contexts, opportunities, and feedback for students writing with discipline-specific texts, tools, and strategies. These courses should emphasize writing as essential to academic learning and intellectual development.
The courses must include requirements and learning activities that promote students abilities to:
The tentative schedule where University Studies program outcomes are addressed by placing the letter references above in bold parenthesis next to the appropriate topic in the laboratory schedule.
4 Semester hours
Lecture: 2:00 - 2:50, M, W, F
Room: Minne 237
Laboratory: T or TH 2:00 3:20
Room: Memorial 138
Prerequisites: BIO 212
Required text: Exercise Physiology: Energy, Nutrition, and Human Performance 5th edition. McArdle, W.D., Katch, F.I., Katch, V.L Williams & Wilkins, 1999.
Exercise Physiology Laboratory Manual, Kastello, G.M. Spring, 2001.
Exercise Physiology Lecture Notes, Kastello, G.M. Spring, 2001.
1. Discuss systemic and local physiologic response and adaptation to exercise and exercise training.
2. Understand the physiology principles needed to design an exercise prescription.
3. Describe the components and functions of muscular, cardiopulmonary, neural and endocrine systems during exercise and following exercise training.
4. Describe and identify the components of human energy systems.
5. Specify macronutrient effects on human performance.
6. Suggest training methodologies to enhance energy system capacity and physiologic system function.
7. Describe age-related changes in physiologic systems to exercise and exercise training.
8. Following lecture and textbook readings, students will value physical activity as tool used in preventive medicine.
9. Discuss measurements of strength and type of contraction in relation to basic physiology material covered in class.
10. Identify pathological processes associated with coronary artery disease, osteoporosis, asthma, restrictive and obstructive lung disease.
Principles of nutrition including the role of vitamins, minerals, and fluids and electrolytes as related to the dietary and nutritional needs of the competitive athlete.
IC1 - Basic components of a comprehensive athletic injury/illness prevention program including (a) physical examinations and screening procedures, (b) physical conditioning, ( c ) fitting and maintenance of protective equipment, (d) application of taping, special pads, etc., and (e) control of environmental risks.
IC13 - Basic components of in-season and off-season physical conditioning programs for development of cardiovascular-respiratory efficiency, flexibility and muscular strength, power, and endurance specific to the needs of individual athletes and to the physical demands of specific sport activities.
IC14 - Purposes and effects of contemporary isometric, isotonic, and isokinetic strength training equipment.
IC15 - Techniques and physiological effects of cardiovascular endurance training and weight training (isometric, isotonic, isokinetic and accommodating resistive exercise) on the musculoskeletal, nervous, cardiovascular, and respiratory systems of the human body.
IC16 - Effects of various types of flexibility programs and stretching exercises (static, passive, active, PNF techniques) on normal contractile tissues of the human body (muscles, tendons, etc.).
IC18 - Principles of an effective heat illness prevention program including those pertaining to acclimatization and conditioning, fluid and electrolyte replacement, selection of clothing, monitoring of weight loss, and scheduling and organization of practice sessions.
IC19 - Normal thermoregulatory mechanisms of the human body including methods of heat dissipation and the associated effects of exposure to high environmental heat and humidity.
IIC1 - Normal anatomical structures of the human body including the musculoskeletal (including articulation), nervous (central and peripheral), cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, urogenital, and special sensory systems.
IIC2 - Normal physiological functions of the human body including those of the musculoskeletal, nervous (central and peripheral), cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, urogenital, and special sensory systems.
IIC3 - Anatomical and physiological growth and development characteristics as related to the pre-adolescent, adolescent, and adult male and female athletes.
IVC6 - General physiological effects of inactivity and immobilization on the musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, nervous, and respiratory systems of the human body and resulting implications for rehabilitation and reconditioning.
VIC2 Physiological effects of physical activity on menstruation (oligomenorrhea, amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea) and associated psychological considerations.
Teaching Method: Lecture, Small group discussion, Laboratory
Grading policy & scale:
Complete each of the four examinations given in the course. No make up examinations will be given!!! Each examination will be worth 100 points. The format of examinations will be multiple-choice, true/false and short answer, drawn from the reading and lecture materials.
Exam I 100
Exam II 100
Exam III 100
Final Exam 100 (not comprehensive)
11 Labs x 20 pts = 220 points
1 Lab x 10 pts = 10 points
Grand Total 630
100 - 90 A
89 - 80 B
79 - 70 C
69 - 60 D
< 60 F
Class attendance is required, unexcused absences will result in a 1 point deduction/absence.
Need of Special Accommodations:
If you need special accommodations in order to meet any of the requirements of this course, please see the instructor as soon as possible. Students will be allowed to complete course requirements that are missed because of a religious observance.
Anyone caught cheating, collaborating with others (when not instructed to do so), plagiarizing work, presenting work previously presented to another class, or any other inappropriate conduct will be charged with academic misconduct and could receive an F in the course and/or be expelled from the University.
Tentative Course Outline:
Lecture Topic Chapter
1/8 Introduction Intro Chpt
Physiology of Exercise: Roots and Historical Perspectives
1/10 Control of Internal Environment Notes
1/12 Structure of Macronutrients 1 & Notes
1/15 Martin Luther King Day (no class)
1/17 Structure of Macronutrients 1 & Notes
1/19 Energy Value of Food 4
1/22 Introduction to Energy Transfer 5
1/24 (1, 4, 5, 24)
1/26 Energy Transfer in the Body 6
1/29 (1, 4, 5, 6, 13, 15, 24)
2/2 Exam I (Chpt. Intro, 1, 4,5,6,)
2/5 Energy Transfer in Exercise 7&11
(1, 2, 6)
2/7 " "
2/9 " "
2/12 Measurement of Human Energy Expenditure 8
(1, 3, 9, 11, 12, 15, 19, 20, 22)
2/14 Human Energy Expenditure During Rest and Physical Activity 9
(1, 3, 9, 11, 12, 15, 19, 20, 22)
2/16 Energy Expenditure During Walking, Jogging,
Running, and Swimming 10
2/19 " "
2/21 " "
2/23 Exam II (7,11,8,9,10)
2/26 Skeletal Muscle: Structure and Function 18&19
Neural Control of Human Movement
(IC: 1,14,15,16, IIC: 1, 2, 3, 6)
2/28 " "
3/2 " "
3/5-3/9 Spring Break
3/12 Muscular Strength: Training Muscles to Become Stronger 22
3/14 " "
3/16 " "
3/19 " "
3/21 Work Tests to Evaluate Performance 20
(1, 2, 6)
3/23 " "
3/26 Training for Performance 21 & Handouts from Fox et al.
3/28 " "
3/30 Physical Activity, Health, and Aging 30
4/2 Exam III
Chpt 18,19,21,22,30, Fox et al
4/4 Pulmonary Structure and Function 12
(1, 3, 10, 11, 12, 15, 19, 20, 22)
4/6 " "
4/9 Gas Exchange and Transport 13
4/11 " "
4/13 Dynamics of Pulmonary Ventilation 14
4/16 " "
4/18 The Cardiovascular System 15
(1, 3, 8, 10, 11, 12, 15, 19, 20, 22)
4/20 " "
4/23 Cardiovascular Regulation and Integration 16
4/25 " "
4/27 Functional Capacity of the Cardiovascular System 17
Final Exam 10:30-12:30 Wednesday, May 2nd (Chpt 12,13,14,15,16,17)
Tentative Laboratory Schedule
1/9 & 1/11
1/16 & 1/18
1/23 & 1/25
1/30 & 2/1
2/6 & 2/8
Both labs 2/15
2/20 & 2/22
2/27 & 3/1
3/13 & 3/15
3/20 & 3/22
3/27 & 3/29
4/3 & 4/5
4/10 & 4/12
4/17 & 4/19
4/24 & 4/26
Introduction, Rules & Reports (a, b)
Demonstration Computer Graphics (d)
Units of measure
Estimation of energy expenditure
Estimation of energy expenditure (d)
Estimation of energy expenditure (a, b, c, d, e)
Maximal VO2 (a, b, c, d, e)
Economy of Movement (a, b, c, d, e)
Determination of body composition (a, b, c, d, e)
Muscle strength and fatiguability (a, b, c, d, e)
Maximal anaerobic power (a, b, c, d, e)
Pulmonary measures (a, b, c, d, e)
Lactate Threshold (a, b, c, d, e)
Cardiovascular response to exercise (a, b, c, d, e)
Evaluation & Review
HHP 340 Exercise Physiology includes a large writing component. Students are required to submit 12 scientific laboratory writing assignments of 5-6 pages per lab. The scientific format includes a/an:
Each written lab assignment is graded on grammar, spelling, and content with suggestions made for improvement in subsequent reports.
The following discussion is written to address each component of the Writing Flag, as described by the University Studies Committee.