Approved by Faculty Senate.
PER 414 RECREATIONAL LEADERSHIP 3 S.H.
Oral Communication Flagged Course
Instructor: Don Wistrcill
Office: ME 119
I. Course Description
A study of leadership principles, leadership techniques and leadership theories. Required recreation leader competencies and group dynamic issues also will be addressed. Knowledge, experience and evaluation of oral communication in the recreational field will be required to enable students to become highly competent communicators.
II. Statement of Major Focus and Objectives
(Note: Numbers behind some of the following objectives indicate NRPA curriculum standards.)
1. To be able to identify, articulate and demonstrate effective leadership methods and
techniques that can be used for providing quality-of-life leisure experiences.
human service resources to promote and enhance the leisure experience. (8.1 1)
3. To be able to discuss the significance of play, recreation, and leisure throughout the
life cycle relative to the individual's attitudes, values, behaviors and use of resources
4. Knowledge of people in their group relationships, including awareness of interests,
attitudes, personal goals and values as they affect human interaction. (7.08)
techniques and strategies to enhance the individual's leisure experiences for all
populations, including those with special needs. (8.18)
7. To identify and utilize one's personal leadership assets and strengths.
8. To develop and demonstrate an attitude of safety consciousness in all leadership
individual development and expression throughout the human life span. (8.17)
12. Understanding of and ability to analyze programs, services, and resources in
relationship to participation requirements. (8.20)
13. Understanding of and ability to describe procedures and techniques for assessment
of leisure needs. (8.2 1)
and objectives for leisure service and for groups and individuals within the service
have been met. (8.27)
resources, areas and facilities. (8.23)
Oral communication flag courses will demonstrate that they will allow for clear guidance, criteria and feedback for the speaking assignments; that the course requires a significant amount of speaking; that speaking assignments comprise a significant portion of the final course grade; and that students will have opportunities to obtain student and faculty critiques of their speaking. The following oral learning opportunities will be incorporated into this course:
III. Course Outline
A. Understanding Leadership
2. Leader competencies/skills
3. Impacts of sex, race and age
4. Leader traits and qualities
5. Classes of leadership
6. How leaders are identified
B. Leadership Theories and Styles
1. Early theories
2. Leadership styles
3. Later theories
4. Contemporary understandings of leadership
5. Leadership and culture
6. Choosing the appropriate leadership style
C. Leadership and Human Development
1. Theories of human development
2. Gender and development
3. Life stages and age groups
D. Group Dynamics: The Essence of Leadership
2. Groups: the good and the bad
3. Why people join groups
4. Elements of groups or group structure
6. Group development
7. Strong and effective groups
8. Group roles
10. Team building
E. Communication Skills for Leaders
1. Models and definitions
2. Functions of communication
3. Effective communication
4. Verbal language
5. Intercultural communication
F. Nonverbal Communication: An Important Skill
1. Functions of nonverbal communication
2. Body language
3. Paraverbal language
4. Symbolic language
5. Written language
G. Managing Difficulties
1. What is conflict resolution and difficulty management?
2. The struggle spectrum
3. Reasons and sources of conflict
4. Factors that lead to difficulties
5. Approaches to conflict
6. Effective conflict management for leisure services leaders
7. Models of conflict management
8. Assertiveness in managing difficulties
9. Emotions and managing difficulties
10, Mediation and leadership responsibilities
H. Managing and Motivating Participant Behaviors
2. Approaches to behavior management
3. Purposes of behavior management
4. Why behavior management is needed
5. Factors affecting behavior management
6. Why people act out
7. Behavior management techniques
8. Selecting techniques
10. Facilitating motivation
I. Diversity and Leisure Services Leadership
1. Understanding the basics
2. Approaches to dealing with diversity
3. Dimensions of diversity
4. Diversity and privilege
5. Knowing about differences
6. Becoming a pluralistic leader
J. Values and Ethics in Leisure Leadership
1. The role of values and ethics in leisure leadership
2. Promoting positive social values
3. Ethical decision making
4. Ethic of rights and justice or ethic of care?
5. Personal integrity
6. Professionalism and leadership
K. Risk Management in Direct Leadership
1. Tort law and criminal law
3. Types of supervision
4. Leaders as supervisors
5. Conduct of the activity
6. Facilities and environment
7. Use of forms in risk management
L. Direct Leadership Techniques
1. Leadership preparation Phase I
2. Priming the group Phase II
3. Delivery Phase III
4. Conducting meetings
5. After the meeting
M. Selected Social and Professional Issues Affecting Leisure Service
1. Child abuse
2. Blood borne pathogens and universal precautions
3. Professional issues
4. Professional associations
Lecture, discussion, project work in-class assignments, homework assignments, exam.
(Numbers behind requirements indicate the following oral communication flag standards.)
1. Earn significant course credit through extemporaneous oral presentations.
2. Understand the features and types of speaking in their disciplines.
3. Adapt their speaking to field-specific audiences.
4. Receive appropriate feedback from teachers and peers, including suggestions for
5. Make use of the technologies used for research and speaking in the fields.
6. Learn the conventions of evidence, format, usage and documentation in their fields.
* In-Class Impromptu 5 Pts.
Campus Observation 5 Pts.
Off-Campus Observation 5 Pts.
Chapters Outline 10 Pts.
View Videos/Papers 10 Pts.
Interview 10 Pts.
* Video 20 Pts.
Evaluate Video 10 Pts.
* Group Presentation 10 Pts.
Final 5 Pts.
90 Pts. TOTAL
* Oral Communication Assignments
A = 81 Pts.
B = 72 Pts.
C = 63 Pts.
D = 54 Pts.
Russell, Ruth V. (2001) Leadership in Recreation, Second Edition, New York,
NY: McGraw-Hill Companies.
IX. Additional Bibliography
Carpenter, G. & Howe, Z. (1985) Programming leisure experiences, a
Clinical approach. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall.
Corbin, D.H. (1987) Recreation programming and leadership.
Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall.
Edginton, C.R., & Ford P.M. (1985). Leadership in recreation and leisure service
organizations. N.Y.: Wiley.
Kraus, R. (1985) Recreation leadership today. Illinois: Scott Foreman
Russell, R.V. (1986). Leadership in recreation St. Louis: Times Mirror/Mosby College Pub.
Sessoms, D. (1981) Leadership and group dynamics in recreation services. Boston MA: Allyn and Bacon.
Shivers, J.S. (1986) Recreational leadership: Group dynamics and interpersonal behavior. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Book Co.