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9. Red Pine
Several years ago, as part of the tree diversification project on campus, Winona State University introduced the Red Pine (Pinus resinosa) to the university grounds.
The tree, which is native to the area, is often called the Norway Pine. That name is said to originate from Norway, Maine, near the White Mountain National Forest, where the tree is common. Early settlers to the upper Midwest also may have confused it with a European species, adding to the name confusion.
The Red Pine became Minnesota's state tree in 1953. The Red Pine name is fitting because of the tree's reddish brown bark. The Red Pine can grow up to 60 to 80 feet tall, with occasional clusters all growing to 100 feet tall. The largest Red Pine in Minnesota can be found in Itasca State Park, near the headwaters of the Mississippi River. The Red Pine is an important tree in the lumber industry, is grown in this area as a reforestation tree, and is a popular Christmas tree.
The Red Pine is hardy and grows best in sandy, well-drained soils. The tree can be identified by the needles, which are found in bundles of two and are four to six inches long. The Red Pine's cones are light brown, two to three inches in length, and generally only appear every two to four years.
Two Red Pines are located on the south side of Howell Hall, just west of Howell's connection to Phelps Hall.
(see 58 on the maps)
Last Modified: Thursday, May 08, 2008 13:59 by