Approved by Faculty Senate October 6, 2003



Per WSU Regulation 3-4 (“Departments are required to submit information to the USS specifying how [the] flagged course addresses the outcomes for each flag”), the following material addresses points 1-5 under the Writing Flag section of the 3/20/00 “University Studies at WSU” document with regard to USS approval of MCOM (Mass Communication) 450 International Broadcasting as a USS writing flag course.


1.             “…practice the processes and procedures for creating and completing successful writing in their fields.”


This course requires the students to engage in at least three research-oriented pieces of writing. As the attached syllabus indicates, these include a book review, a written report to accompany the oral presentation, and a 15-page research paper, which serves as the final project. All such written work is required to be submitted as per the APA Style.


2.                   …understand the main features and uses of writing in their fields.”


The main features of writing in International Broadcasting stem from understanding and researching discussions on the elements of bias, stereotyping, and cultural misinterpretations in transnational news broadcasting, as well as disinformation campaigns. The basic idea behind this kind of writing is to promulgate an appreciation of free speech vis-a-vis political & cultural values and constraints, as well as understanding the significance of making informed decisions. Discussions of this nature consume a major portion of class time.


3.                   …adapt their writing to the general expectations of readers in their fields.”


As mentioned above, discussions in the class necessitate that students begin to see and identify the need to write for specific audiences without unduly compromising an acceptable level of comprehension for those outside of the field of mass communication.


4.                   …make use of the technologies commonly used for research and writing in their fields.”


It is expected that students have a desirable degree of proficiency in both journalistic principles & conventions and word-processing. Additionally, students are constantly encouraged to  engage in meaningful library research.


5.                   …learn the conventions of evidence, format, usage, and documentation in their fields.”


Besides learning about the different kinds of research-sources, students are exposed to in-class demonstrations of short-wave radio reception (they are even encouraged to checkout portable sets made available by the department). Equally significant is the fact that students are also exposed to tips for using (library-based) WEBPALS, including “truncation,” “advanced search,” and “limit search;” additional databases which the students are introduced to include LEXIS-NEXIS, SEARCHBANK, SOCIOLOGICAL ABSTRACTS, and COMABSTRACTS.



International Broadcasting



MC 450

Spring 2002                                        


Instructor:     Dr. Ajit Daniel

Office:                PAC 234; 457-5228

Hours:  T, R:  11:00 a.m. – 12:00 noon; M, W:  9:00 a.m.-11:00 a.m;

                        other times by appointment

Text:                  "Global Communication in the 21st Century” by Stevenson


Course Description:


            This is a seminar-type course, which will examine the structures, processes, functions, and significance of the various international broadcasting systems and services.  Due emphasis will be placed on the scope and complexity of such systems and their impact upon global under­standing.


Course Objectives:


            The course will endeavor to focus on areas such as technology and international broadcasting; direct satellite broadcasting, its threat to national sovereignty, and the potential for Third World development; official external broadcasting  (such as the Voice of America, the British Broadcasting Corporation, Radio Moscow, and All India Radio), and public diplomacy.

            The course will also endeavor to include discussions on the elements of bias, stereotyping, and cultural misinterpretations in trans­national broadcasting, as well as misinformation campaigns and the future of international broadcasting.




ENG 111 and MC 100, Media & Society, Students who have not yet taken these basic courses, as required by the department, are requested to kindly leave and re-enroll at a later time.


University Studies Flag Requirements


MC 450 fulfills the University Studies flag requirement for the writing flag.  Students are reminded that they need six (6) semester hours of writing flag courses in order to complete their University Studies requirements.  As the syllabus indicates, this requirement is satisfied in a variety of ways.  The major ones are listed below along with the outcomes for the WSU writing flag:


a.   Practice the processes and procedures for creating and completing successful writing in [your] fields.”

            Book review, the two-page written report (which accompanies the oral presentation assignment), outline proposals and the research paper.

b.      Understand the main features and uses of writing in [your] fields.”

            The three quizzes, the two-page written report , and the research paper.

c.   Adapt [your] writing to the general expectations of readers in [your] fields.”

            Book review, written report, research paper, outline proposals.

d.   Make use of the technologies commonly used for research and writing in [your] fields.”

            Book review, the two-page written report, outline proposals, and the research paper.

e.   Learn the conventions of evidence, format, usage, and documentation in [your] fields.”

            Book review and research paper.






The instructor reserves the right to modify the syllabus as and when necessary.


Each student is expected to meet the following requirements:




            1.          Attendance:  Instances of absence have to be in writing prior to the fact. Students with 100 percent attendance  will be given 5 bonus points; those with 1 absence, excused or otherwise, will receive 3 bonus points.  Deadlines are very important in broadcasting.  As such, all assignments are expected to be submitted as per the schedule below.  Late work will be accepted if there has been a fully-verified medical emergency, or the prior written consent of the instructor has been obtained.  “Fully-verified medical emergency” means an authentic medical certificate, not a note. 


            2.          Book Review:  A critical review of a book on international broadcasting.  The report must be typewritten, double-spaced, and at least two pages long. Students will be provided with relevant and ongoing feedback on their Book Reviews.


            3.          Three quizzes between weeks 4 and 15.


            4.          Oral Presentation:  Each student will make a 12-15 minute oral presentation on a selected topic related to an area pertinent to the course. The topic/theme will need the instructor's prior approval.   It is suggested that such outlines be submitted to the instructor in written form during the first three weeks of the semester.  Prior to each presentation, the presenter needs to submit a two-page written report summarizing his/her presentation.


            5.          Research Paper:  Each student is required to develop and write a research paper dealing with the international electronic media of your country of choice.  This will be done as per standard APA style guidelines (4th ed.).  During the semester students will be given ample opportunity for feedback on their writing, especially via the Outline Proposals noted on the previous pages.


            For items 4 and 5 above, students are expected to choose/adopt a

            country other than their own.


            6.          Midterm Exam:  Each student will need to take a midterm, based on readings, movies, lectures, and in-class discussions.


            7.          Final Exam:  Each student will need to take a (comprehensive) final exam, based on readings, movies, lectures, and in-class discussions. 


            8.             Please bring green scantrons and white-out to class every day.




This course assumes that students have a mastery of basic English writing skills, the volition to read, re-read and understand (not memorize), and the ability to think critically.   You are expected to be fully versed in and acquainted with ALL the readings.  All written reports and papers will be as per the APA style manual.  Each error of spelling, punctuation, grammar, and style will be penalized one-fourth of a point, with a cap of 5 points.

            Please note that all graded quizzes and exams will be retained by the instructor.  If you fail to return any quiz/exam/project to the instructor after the in-class review, the grade earned for that quiz/exam/project will not be recorded for grading purposes and, as such, will effectively lower your final score.  It is, therefore, your responsibility to check with the instructor if he has possession of your quiz/exam/project in question.  Also, no make-up will be allowed for missed quizzes.

            The weekly readings, mentioned in the schedule below, do not neces­sarily have to coincide with the corresponding lectures.  Rather, the instructor hopes that the readings will, in conjunction with the lectures and other support material, provide a viable learning experience for the class.  All weekly readings should be completed by the first session of each week.

            In the event that you don't find me in my office when you drop by, please leave a written note either on the door or slip it under the door, should the office be locked.





            Week  2:             Chapters 1 & 2

            Week  3:             Chapters 3 & 4

            Week  4:             Chapters 3, 4 & 5

            Week  5:             Chapters 5 & 6

            Week  6:             Chapter 6 & 7

            Week  7:             Chapters 8 & 9

            Week  8:             Chapters 10 & 11

            Week  9:             Chapters 12, 13, &14


            *include all handouts distributed during the course of the semester


Exams, Projects, Quizzes, & Points


            Quizzes           1/29-4/25                                                     =    50 points

            Book Review             2/5                               =   25 points

            Presentation 4/2-4/18                     =   25 points

            Research paper 4/23                       =   50 points

            Midterm exam 2/26                        =   50 points

            Final exam 4/30  (l:00 p.m.)             =  100 points

            Culture assignment                              =   10 bonus points 

            Guest Speaker assignment                  =    10 bonus points


The following improvised curve-system will be implemented for grading:

            A = 258-300, B = 228-257, C = 198-227, D = 168-197, E = 0-167


Bonus Points



            Research Paper             39-44 points = 2 points

                                                45-50 points = 3 points

            Midterm                      39-44 points = 2 points

                                                45-50 points = 3 points

            Attendance**                        100 percent = 5 points

                                                     1 absence = 3 points


            **applies to all class-meetings scheduled by the instructor.  Also, anybody who is late by more than 10 minutes will not be eligible for these bonus points.