About Title IX

Title IX is a federal civil rights law passed as a portion of the United States Education Amendments of 1972 and states, “No person in the U.S. shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, or denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.” - Title 20 U.S.C. Sections 1681-1688

Title IX applies to any institution that receives federal financial assistance from the Department of Education, including state and local educational agencies. Educational programs and activities that receive federal funds must operate in a nondiscriminatory manner.

Find more details about Title IX.


What does Title IX mean?

Title IX forbids sex discrimination in all university student services and academic programs including, but not limited to:

  • admissions
  • financial aid
  • academic advising
  • housing
  • athletics
  • recreational services
  • college residential life programs
  • health services
  • counseling and psychological services
  • Registrar’s office
  • classroom assignments
  • grading
  • discipline

Title IX also forbids discrimination because of sex in employment and recruitment consideration or selection, whether full-time or part-time, under any education program or activity operated by an institution receiving or benefiting from federal financial assistance.

Under Title IX, discrimination on the basis of sex can include sexual harassment or sexual violence, such as rape, sexual assault, sexual battery and sexual coercion.

In addition, the institution may not retaliate against any person for making or participating in a compliant action under Title IX. There cannot be any retaliation against any person for opposing an unlawful educational practice or policy under Title IX.


What happens if the campus fails to comply with Title IX?

The penalty for failure to comply with Title IX in the most extreme circumstances can include the termination of all or part of an institution’s federal funding. This includes grants, subsidies, and other program funds from the federal government. In addition to the loss of federal funds, universities may be sued by those seeking redress for violations of Title IX. 

Therefore, it is essential that institutions receiving federal funding operate in a nondiscriminatory manner. To ensure the University’s compliance with the law, adherence to Title IX is the responsibility of every member of the Winona State campus.


Who enforces Title IX?

The United States Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights (OCR) is responsible for enforcing Title IX.